Investing in our Units, Common Stock and Warrants involves a number of risks. You should not invest unless you are able to bear the complete loss of your investment. You should carefully consider the risks described below and discussed under the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, as well as any amendment or updates to our risk factors reflected in subsequent filings under the Exchange Act, including but not limited to our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as amended, which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety, together with other information in this prospectus and the information and documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus. These risks and uncertainties described below or otherwise incorporated herein by reference are not the only risks and uncertainties we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business could be harmed. In such case, the trading price of our Common Stock could decline and investors could lose all or a part of the money paid to buy our Units. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of these and other factors.
Risks Relating to the Rights Offering and Common Stock
The price of our common stock is volatile and may decline following receipt and/or exercise of the rights.
Pursuant to the Rights Offering, our shareholders will be entitled to purchase Units at a subscription price of $0.012 per Unit. Our stock price has been and may continue to be subject to significant volatility. Since January 1, 2018, the daily closing price of our common stock has ranged from a high of $0.037 per share to a low of $0.013 per share. Our stock price may decline in the time period following the receipt and/or exercise of the rights and there is no guarantee that our common stock will trade at a level equal to or greater than the subscription price. There are numerous factors which may affect the price of our common stock, some of which are out of our control or may have little or nothing to do with us or our financial performance. These factors include, among other things:
- our quarterly or annual earnings or those of other companies in our industry;
- actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results and cash flow;
- business conditions in our markets and the demand for tourism generally;
- increased fuel and travel costs; and
- general economic factors, including the current economic recession and the current state of the securities markets.
Your relative ownership interest may experience significant dilution as a result of this Rights Offering or due to other transactions.
Stockholders who do not fully exercise their subscription rights should expect that they will, at the completion of this offering, own a smaller proportional interest in the Company than would otherwise be the case had they fully exercised their subscription rights. The shares issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants to be issued pursuant to the Rights Offering will further dilute the ownership interest of stockholders not participating in the Rights Offering or holders of Warrants who have not exercised them.
As of June 30, 2018, there were approximately 2.954 billion shares of our common stock issued and outstanding. In addition, as of June 30, 2018, there are also (i) stock option grants outstanding for the purchase of 63 million common shares at a $0.009 average exercise price; (ii) warrants for the purchase of 595 million common shares at a $0.031 average exercise price; and (iii) 109.1 million shares related to convertible debt that can be converted at 0.002535 per share.
In addition, we have an unknown number of common shares to be issued under the Chicago Venture financing agreements because the number of shares ultimately issued to Chicago Venture depends on the price at which Chicago Venture converts its debt to shares. The lower the conversion price, the more shares that will be issued to Chicago Venture upon the conversion of debt to shares. We won’t know the exact number of shares of stock issued to Chicago Venture until the debt is actually converted to equity. If all stock option grant and warrant and contingent shares are issued, approximately 3.721.8 billion of our currently authorized 6 billion shares of common stock will be issued and outstanding. For purposes of estimating the number of shares issuable upon the exercise/conversion of all stock options, warrants and contingent shares, we assumed the number of shares and average share prices detailed above.
The conversion or exercise of all or a portion of these warrants or options, or the Warrants included in the Units sold in this Rights Offering would result in additional dilution to your ownership interest. Additionally, if we do not increase our revenue or reduce our expenses, we may need to raise additional capital, which may result in further dilution to our stockholders.
Some of our convertible debentures may require adjustment in the conversion price.
Our Convertible Notes Payable may require an adjustment in the current conversion price of $0.002535 per share if we issue common stock, warrants or equity below the price that is reflected in the convertible notes payable. The conversion price of the convertible notes will have an impact on the market price of our common stock. Specifically, if under the terms of the convertible notes the conversion price goes down, then the market price, and ultimately the trading price, of our common stock will go down. If under the terms of the convertible notes the conversion price goes up, then the market price, and ultimately the trading price, of our common stock will likely go up. In other words, as the conversion price goes down, so does the market price of our stock. As the conversion price goes up, so presumably does the market price of our stock. The more the conversion price goes down, the more shares are issued upon conversion of the debt which ultimately means the more stock that might flood into the market, potentially causing a further depression of our stock.
We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our capital stock in the foreseeable future.
We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our capital stock. We currently intend to retain all of our future earnings, if any, to finance the growth and development of our business, and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our capital stock in the foreseeable future. In addition, the terms of any future debt agreements may preclude us from paying dividends.
Anti-takeover provisions may limit the ability of another party to acquire our company, which could cause our stock price to decline.
Our certificate of incorporation, as amended, our bylaws and Delaware law contain provisions that could discourage, delay or prevent a third party from acquiring our company, even if doing so may be beneficial to our stockholders. In addition, these provisions could limit the price investors would be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock.
We may issue preferred stock that could have rights that are preferential to the rights of common stock that could discourage potentially beneficially transactions to our common shareholders.
An issuance of additional shares of preferred stock could result in a class of outstanding securities that would have preferences with respect to voting rights and dividends and in liquidation over our common stock and could, upon conversion or otherwise, have all of the rights of our common stock. Our Board of Directors’ authority to issue preferred stock could discourage potential takeover attempts or could delay or prevent a change in control through merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise by making these attempts more difficult or costly to achieve. The issuance of preferred stock could impair the voting, dividend and liquidation rights of common stockholders without their approval.
The subscription rights are not transferable, and there is no market for the subscription rights.
You may not sell, give away, or otherwise transfer your subscription rights. The subscription rights are only transferable by operation of law. Because the subscription rights are non-transferable, there is no market or other means for you to directly realize any value associated with the subscription rights.
The subscription price determined for the Rights Offering is not necessarily an indication of the fair value of our common stock.
Our board of directors determined the subscription price for the Units offered in this Rights Offering, after carefully considering numerous factors, including, among others:
- the likely cost of capital from other sources;
- the price at which our shareholders might be willing to participate in the Rights Offering;
- historical and current trading prices of our common stock;
- our need for capital and liquidity; and
- our desire to provide an opportunity for our shareholders to participate in the Rights Offering on a pro rata basis.
The subscription price is $0.012 per Unit. The subscription price is not intended to bear any relationship to the book value of our assets or our past operations, cash flows, losses, financial condition, net worth, or any other established criteria used to value securities. You should not consider the subscription price to be an indication of the fair value of the common stock to be offered in the Rights Offering. After the date of this prospectus, our common stock may trade at prices significantly above or below the subscription price.
The market price of Common Stock may decrease before or after the subscription rights expire.
The market price of Common Stock could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control. These factors include, among other things, macroeconomic conditions, industry trends, regulatory approvals, customer demands, and competition. We cannot assure you that the market price of Common Stock will not decline after you elect to exercise your subscription right. If that occurs, you may have committed to buy Units which include shares of Common Stock and Warrants in the Rights Offering at a price greater than the prevailing market price, and could have an immediate unrealized loss. Moreover, we cannot assure you that following the exercise of your subscription right you will be able to sell your Common Stock or shares issued upon exercise of the Warrants at a price equal to or greater than the subscription price.
The number of shares of Common Stock and Warrants we could issue if the Rights Offering is completed or the adjustments to certain warrants as a result of the Rights Offering may result in an immediate decrease in the trading price of our Common Stock. This decrease may continue after the completion of the Rights Offering. If that occurs, your purchase of Units in the Rights Offering may be at a price greater than the prevailing trading price of Common Stock following the completion of the Rights Offering. Further, if a substantial number of subscription rights are exercised, and the holders of the shares received upon exercise of those subscription rights or upon exercise of the Warrants choose to sell some or all of those shares, the resulting sales could depress the market price of Common Stock.
Our common stock is traded on the OTCQB under the symbol “PHOT” and the last reported sales price of our common stock on the OTCQB on September 14, 2018, was $0.014 per share.
You must act promptly and follow instructions carefully if you want to exercise your rights.
Eligible participants and, if applicable, brokers, dealers, banks or other nominees acting on their behalf, who desire to purchase Units in the Rights Offering must act promptly to ensure that all required certificates and payments are actually received by the Subscription Agent prior to the expiration of the Rights Offering on November 12, 2018, at 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time. The time period to exercise rights is limited. If you or your broker fail to complete and sign the required rights certificate, send an incorrect payment amount or otherwise fail to follow the procedures that apply to the exercise of your rights, we may, depending on the circumstances, reject your exercise of rights or accept it only to the extent of the payment received. Neither we nor the Subscription Agent undertakes to contact you concerning, or attempt to correct, an incomplete or incorrect rights certificate or payment or contact you concerning whether a broker, dealer bank or other nominee holds rights on your behalf. We have the sole discretion to determine whether an exercise properly follows the procedures that apply to the exercise of your rights.
We may terminate the Rights Offering at any time prior to the expiration of the offer period, and neither we nor the Subscription Agent will have any obligation to you except to return your exercise payments.
We may, in our sole discretion, decide not to continue with the Rights Offering or terminate the Rights Offering prior to the expiration of the offer period. If we withdraw or terminate this offering, neither we nor the Subscription Agent will have any obligation with respect to rights that have been exercised except to return as soon as practicable any subscription payments, without interest or penalty, the Subscription Agent received from you.
You will not receive interest on any subscription payments returned to you.
If we cancel the Rights Offering, neither we nor the Subscription Agent will have any obligation with respect to the subscription rights except to return, without interest or deduction, any subscription payments to you.
We may amend or modify the terms of the Rights Offering at any time before the expiration of the Rights Offering in our sole discretion.
The board of directors reserves the right to amend the terms of the Rights Offering in its sole discretion. We may choose to amend the terms of the Rights Offering for any reason, including, without limitation, in order to increase participation in the Rights Offering. Any such amendment that is not fundamental enough for us to have to return your subscription payment may nonetheless affect your rights, including any anticipated return on your investment, adversely.
You may not receive all of the Units for which you oversubscribe.
Eligible participants who fully exercise their basic subscription right (other than those subscription rights to acquire less than one whole Unit, which cannot be exercised) will be entitled to subscribe for an additional number of Units by exercising an over-subscription right. Over-subscription rights will generally be allocated pro rata among rights holders who oversubscribe, based on the number of basic subscription Units to which they have subscribed, although the allocation of over-subscription rights among investors who may become 5% holders, who are 5% holders that have not properly filed any required forms with the SEC, or who would own in excess of 25% of the Company’s shares may be reduced. We cannot guarantee that you will receive any or the entire number of Units for which you oversubscribed. If the prorated number of Units allocated to you in connection with your over-subscription right is less than your request, then the excess funds held by the Subscription Agent on your behalf will be returned to you, without interest, as soon as practicable after the Rights Offering has expired and all prorating calculations and reductions contemplated by the terms of the Rights Offering have been effected, and we will have no further obligation to you.
Completion of the Rights Offering is not subject to us raising a minimum offering amount.
Completion of the Rights Offering is not subject to us raising a minimum offering amount and, therefore, proceeds may be insufficient to meet our objectives, thereby increasing the risk to investors in the offering, including investing in a company that continues to require capital. We will incur substantial expenses in connection with the Rights Offering, and insufficient proceeds from the Rights Offering may result in offering related expenses in excess of proceeds received from the Rights Offering. Please read “Use of Proceeds.”
You may not revoke your subscription exercise, even if we extend the expiration of the Rights Offering, and you could be committed to buying Units above the prevailing market price.
Once you exercise your subscription right, you may not revoke the exercise of such rights. If we decide to extend the expiration of the Rights Offering, you still may not revoke the exercise of your subscription right. The public trading market price of our Common Stock may decline before the subscription rights expire. If you exercise your subscription right and, afterwards, the public trading market price of our Common Stock decreases below the subscription price of each Unit, you will have committed to buying Units, including shares of Common Stock and Warrants, at a price above the prevailing market price. Our Common Stock is traded on the OTCQB Market under the symbol “PHOT.” The last reported sales price of our Common Stock on September 14, 2018 was $0.014 per share. Following the exercise of your rights, you may be unable to sell your shares of Common Stock or Warrants at a price equal to or greater than the subscription price you paid for the Unit, and you may lose all or part of your investment in the Unit or our Common Stock.
If you make payment of the subscription price by uncertified check, your check may not clear in sufficient time to enable you to purchase Units in this Rights Offering.
Any uncertified check used to pay for Units to be issued in this Rights Offering must clear prior to the expiration date of this Rights Offering, and the clearing process may require seven or more business days. If you choose to exercise your subscription right, in whole or in part, and to pay for Units by uncertified check and your check has not cleared prior to the expiration date of this Rights Offering, you will not have satisfied the conditions to exercise your subscription right and will not receive the Units you wish to purchase.
Exercising the subscription right limits your ability to engage in certain hedging transactions that could provide you with financial benefits.
By exercising the subscription rights, you are representing to us that you have not entered into any short sale or similar transaction with respect to our Common Stock since the Record Date for the Rights Offering. These requirements prevent you from pursuing certain investment strategies that could provide you greater financial benefits than you might have realized if the subscription rights did not contain these requirements.
The subscription rights are not transferable, and there is no market for the subscription rights.
You may not sell, transfer, assign or give away your subscription right. Because the subscription rights are non-transferable, there is no market or other means for you to directly realize any value associated with the subscription rights. You must exercise the subscription rights to realize any potential value from your subscription right.
There is no public market for the Warrants included in the Units.
There is no established public trading market for our Warrants, and we do not expect a market to develop. We do not intend to list the Warrants on any national securities exchange or nationally recognized trading system.
The subscription price for the Units sold in the Rights Offering is not an indication of the value of our Common Stock.
The subscription price is not necessarily related to our book value, net worth or any other established criteria of value and may or may not be considered the fair value of the Units to be offered in the Rights Offering. We cannot give any assurance that Common Stock will trade at or above the subscription price of each Unit in any given time period. After the date of this prospectus, our Common Stock may trade at prices above or below the subscription price of each Unit.
The market price of our Common Stock may never exceed the exercise price of the Warrants issued in connection with this Rights Offering.
The Warrants being issued in connection with this offering become exercisable upon issuance and will expire three years from the date of issuance. The market price of our Common Stock may never exceed the exercise price of the Warrants prior to their date of expiration. The expiration date of the Warrants may be accelerated in the Company’s sole discretion upon 30 days’ notice from Company to older if the closing trading price of the Company’s Common Stock is above $0.0325 for ten consecutive trading days. Any Warrants not exercised by their date of expiration will expire worthless and we will be under no further obligation to the Warrant holder.
The Warrants contain features that may reduce your economic benefit from owning them.
The Warrants contain features that allow us to redeem all of the Warrants no earlier than six months after the date of issuance for $0.0001 per Warrant once the volume weighted average price of our common stock has equaled or exceeded $0.03 per share, subject to adjustment, for five consecutive trading days. To redeem the Warrants, we must provide not less than 30 days’ prior written notice, which notice could come at a time when it is not advisable or possible for you to exercise the Warrants. As a result, you may be unable to fully benefit from owning the Warrants being redeemed.
Except for certain contractual participation rights, Holders of our Warrants will have no rights as a common stockholder until such holders exercise their Warrants and acquire our Common Stock.
Until holders of Warrants acquire shares of our Common Stock upon exercise of the Warrants, holders of Warrants will have no rights with respect to the shares of our Common Stock underlying such Warrants, except for certain contractual participation rights.
You may not be able to immediately resell any shares of Common Stock or Warrants that you purchase pursuant to the exercise of subscription rights upon expiration of the subscription period.
If you exercise subscription rights, you may not be able to resell the Common Stock or Warrants included in the Unit purchased by exercising your subscription right until you, or your broker, custodian bank or other nominee, if applicable, have received those shares or Warrants. Moreover, you will have no rights as a stockholder in the shares included in the Units you purchased in the Rights Offering until the shares are issued to you. Although we will endeavor to issue the shares and Warrants as soon as practicable after completion of the Rights Offering and after all necessary calculations have been completed, there may be a delay between the expiration date of the Rights Offering and the time that the shares and Warrants are issued.
Our share price may be volatile, which could subject us to securities class action litigation and prevent you from being able to sell your shares at or above the offering price.
Our Common Stock market price has been and is likely in the future to be volatile; the price may be subject to wide fluctuation in response to many risk factors listed in this section or incorporated by reference into this prospectus, and others beyond our control, including:
|●||Market acceptance and commercialization of our products;|
|●||Our being able to timely demonstrate achievement of milestones, including those related to revenue generation, cost control, cost effective source supply, and regulatory approvals;|
|●||Announcements by us regarding liquidity, legal proceedings, significant acquisitions, equity investments and divestitures, strategic relationships, addition or loss of significant customers and contracts, capital expenditure commitments, loan, note payable and agreement defaults, loss of our subsidiaries and impairment of assets,|
|●||Our ability to remain listed on the OTCQB;|
|●||Our ability to continue trading as the result of a halt by the SEC or FINRA;|
|●||Results and timing of our submissions with the regulatory authorities;|
|●||Regulatory developments or enforcements in the United States and non-U.S. countries with respect to our products or our competitors’ products;|
|●||Failure to achieve pricing acceptable to the market;|
|●||Actual or anticipated fluctuations in our financial condition and operating results, or our continuing to sustain operating losses;|
|●||Competition from existing products or new products that may emerge;|
|●||Announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures, collaborations, or capital commitments;|
|●||Issuance of new or updated research or reports by securities analysts;|
|●||Announcement or expectation of additional financing efforts, particularly if our cash available for operations significantly decreases or if the financing efforts result in a price adjustment to certain warrants;|
|●||Fluctuations in the valuation of companies perceived by investors to be comparable to us;|
|●||Share price and volume fluctuations attributable to inconsistent trading volume levels of our shares;|
|●||Additions or departures of key management or personnel;|
|●||Disputes or other developments related to proprietary rights, litigation matters, and our ability to obtain protection for our intellectual property;|
|●||Entry by us into any material litigation or other proceedings;|
|●||Sales of our Common Stock by us, our insiders, or our other stockholders;|
|●||Exercise of outstanding warrants, including the Warrants issued in this Rights Offering;|
|●||Market conditions for stocks in general; and|
|●||General economic and market conditions unrelated to our performance.|
Furthermore, the stock markets have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have affected and continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many companies. These fluctuations may be unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market and industry fluctuations, as well as general economic, political, and market conditions such as recessions, interest rate changes, or international currency fluctuations, may negatively impact the market price of shares of our Common Stock. In addition, such fluctuations could subject us to securities class action litigation, which could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s attention from other business concerns, which could seriously harm our business. If the market price of shares of our Common Stock after this offering does not exceed the subscription price of the Unit, you may not realize any return on your investment in us and may lose some or all of your investment.
CANX and Chicago Venture could have significant influence over matters submitted to stockholders for approval.
CANX and Logic Works
As of June 30, 2018, CANX holds warrants representing approximately 15.5% of our common stock on a fully-converted basis and could be considered a control group for purposes of SEC rules. However, their agreements limit their ownership to 4.99% individually and each of the parties disclaims its status as a control group or a beneficial owner due to the fact that their beneficial ownership is limited to 4.99% per their agreements. Beneficial ownership includes shares over which an individual or entity has investment or voting power and includes shares that could be issued upon the exercise of options and warrants within 60 days after the date of determination.
As a result of funding from Chicago Venture as previously detailed, they exercise significant control over us.
If these persons were to choose to act together, they would be able to significantly influence all matters submitted to our stockholders for approval, as well as our officers, directors, management and affairs. For example, these persons, if they choose to act together, could significantly influence the election of directors and approval of any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets. This concentration of voting power could delay or prevent an acquisition of us on terms that other stockholders may desire.
Trading in our stock is limited by the SEC’s penny stock regulations.
Our stock is categorized as a penny stock The SEC has adopted Rule 15g-9 which generally defines “penny stock” to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined) less than US$ 5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than US $5.00 per share, subject to certain exclusions (e.g., net tangible assets in excess of $2,000,000 or average revenue of at least $6,000,000 for the last three years). The penny stock rules impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document in a form prepared by the SEC, which provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction, and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information, must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to effecting the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customer’s confirmation. In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from these rules, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction. Finally, broker-dealers may not handle penny stocks under $0.10 per share.
These disclosure requirements reduce the level of trading activity in the secondary market for the stock that is subject to these penny stock rules. Consequently, these penny stock rules would affect the ability of broker-dealers to trade our securities if we become subject to them in the future. The penny stock rules also could discourage investor interest in and limit the marketability of our common stock to future investors, resulting in limited ability for investors to sell their shares.
FINRA sales practice requirements may also limit a shareholder’s ability to buy and sell our stock.
In addition to the “penny stock” rules described above, FINRA has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. The FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our securities is impacted by the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We do not have any control over these analysts. We cannot assure that analysts will continue to cover us or provide favorable coverage. If one or more of the analysts who cover us downgrade our stock or change their opinion of our stock, our share price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of us or fail to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline.
The tax treatment of the Rights Offering is uncertain and it may be treated as a taxable event to our stockholders.
If the Rights Offering is deemed to be part of a “disproportionate distribution” under Code Section 305, our stockholders may recognize taxable income for U.S. federal income tax purposes in connection with the receipt of subscription rights in the Rights Offering depending on our current and accumulated earnings and profits and your tax basis in our Common Stock. A “disproportionate distribution” is a distribution or a series of distributions, including deemed distributions, that has the effect of the receipt of cash or other property by some stockholders or holders of debt instruments convertible into stock and an increase in the proportionate interest of other stockholders in a company’s assets or earnings and profits. The disproportionate distribution rules are complicated, however, and their application is uncertain. Please read “Certain United States Federal Income Tax Considerations” for further information on the treatment of the Rights Offering.
The Rights Offering could impair or limit our net operating loss carryforwards.
As of December 31, 2017, we had net operating losses, or NOLs of $5.3 million pretax and accumulated NOLs of approximately $18 million for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Under the Code, an “ownership change” with respect to a corporation could limit the amount of pre-ownership change NOLs and certain other tax assets that the corporation may utilize after the ownership change to offset future taxable income, possibly reducing the amount of cash available to the corporation to satisfy its obligations. An ownership change generally should occur if the aggregate stock ownership of beneficial owners of at least 5% of our stock increases by more than 50 percentage points over the preceding three-year period. Because not all stockholders may exercise their basic subscription right in full, the purchase of Units could result in a shift in this beneficial ownership that could trigger an ownership change with respect to our stock. Please read the section entitled “Certain United States Federal Income Tax Considerations” for further information.
You may be required to allocate a portion of your tax basis in our Common Stock to the subscription rights received in the offering.
You will be required to allocate a portion of your tax basis in your Common Stock to the subscription rights we distribute to you in the offering (which will carry over and become part of the tax basis in any of our Common Stock acquired upon exercise of the rights) if you determine the value of the stock rights equals or exceeds 15% of the fair market value of our Common Stock on the date we distribute the rights to you, or if you so elect to allocate a portion of your tax basis to the rights. We are not required to, nor do we intend to, provide you with an appraisal setting forth the estimated fair market value of the rights. Please read “Certain United States Federal Income Tax Considerations” for further information on the treatment of the Rights Offering.
We have broad discretion in the use of the net proceeds from this offering and may not use them effectively.
We currently intend to allocate the net proceeds that we will receive from this offering as described in this prospectus under the “Use of Proceeds” section of this prospectus. However, our management will have broad discretion in the actual application of the net proceeds, and we may elect to allocate proceeds differently from that described herein if we believe it would be in the best interest of the Company to do so. Our stockholders may not agree with the manner in which our management chooses to allocate and spend the net proceeds. The failure by our management to apply these funds effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business. Pending their use, we may invest the net proceeds from this offering in a manner that does not produce income or that loses value.
Risks Related to Our Business
There are certain inherent risks which will have an effect on the Company’s development in the future and the most significant risks and uncertainties known and identified by our management are described below.
Risks Associated with Securities Purchase Agreement with Chicago Venture
The Securities Purchase Agreement with Chicago Venture will terminate if we file protection from its creditors, a Registration Statement on Form S-1 is not effective, and our market capitalization or the trading volume of our common stock does not reach certain levels. If terminated, we will be unable to draw down all or substantially all of our Chicago Venture Notes.
Our ability to require Chicago Venture to fund the Chicago Venture Note is at our discretion, subject to certain limitations. Chicago Venture is obligated to fund if each of the following conditions are met; (i) the average and median daily dollar volumes of our common stock for the twenty (20) and sixty (60) trading days immediately preceding the funding date are greater than $100,000; (ii) our market capitalization on the funding date is greater than $17,000,000; (iii) we are not in default with respect to share delivery obligations under the note as of the funding date; and (iv) we are current in our reporting obligations.
There is no guarantee that we will be able to meet the foregoing conditions or any other conditions under the Securities Purchase Agreement and/or Chicago Venture Note or that we will be able to draw down any portion of the amounts available under the Securities Purchase Agreement and/or Chicago Venture Note.
If we not able to draw down all due under the Securities Purchase Agreement or if the Securities Purchase Agreement is terminated, we may be forced to curtail the scope of our operations or alter our business plan if other financing is not available to us.
Suspension of trading of the Company’s securities.
On April 10, 2014, we received notice from the SEC that trading of our common stock on the OTCBB was to be suspended from April 10, 2014 through April 24, 2014 pursuant to Section 12(k) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. According to the notice from the SEC the suspension of trading was. due to concerns regarding the accuracy and adequacy of information in the marketplace and potentially manipulative transactions in our common stock.” We never received notice from the SEC that we were formally being investigated.
The suspension of trading eliminated our market makers, resulted in our trading on the grey sheets, resulted in legal proceedings and restricted our access to capital.
On October 17, 2017, we were informed by Alpine Securities Corporation (“Alpine”) that Alpine has demonstrated compliance with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) Rule 6432 and Rule 15c2-11 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. We filed an amended application with the OTC Markets to list the Company’s common stock on the OTCQB and begin to trade on this market as of March 20, 2018.
This action had a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. If we are unable to obtain additional financing when it is needed, we will need to restructure our operations, and divest all or a portion of our business.
We are involved in Legal Proceedings.
We are involved in the disputes and legal proceedings as discussed in the section title “Legal Proceedings” within our Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 2017. In addition, as a public company, we are also potentially susceptible to litigation, such as claims asserting violations of securities laws. Any such claims, with or without merit, if not resolved, could be time-consuming and result in costly litigation. There can be no assurance that an adverse result in any future proceeding would not have a potentially material adverse on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
Our Joint Venture Agreement with CANX USA, LLC and Logic Works may be important to our operations.
On November 19, 2013, we entered into a Joint Venture Agreement with CANX, a Nevada limited liability company. Under the terms of the Joint Venture Agreement, the Company and CANX formed Organic Growth International, LLC (“OGI”), a Nevada limited liability company, for the purpose of expanding our operations in its current retail hydroponic businesses and in other synergistic business verticals and facilitating additional funding for commercially financeable transactions of up to $40,000,000.
We initially owned a non-dilutive 45% share of OGI and the Company could acquire a controlling share of OGI as provided in the Joint Venture Agreement. In accordance with the Joint Venture Agreement, the Company and CANX entered into a Warrant Agreement whereby we delivered to CANX a warrant to purchase 140,000,000 shares of our common stock that is convertible at $0.033 per share, subject to adjustment as provided in the warrant. The five-year warrant expires November 18, 2018. Also in accordance with the Joint Venture Agreement, on February 7, 2014, the Company issued an additional warrant to purchase 100,000,000 shares of our common stock that is convertible at $0.033 per share, subject to adjustment as provided in the warrant. The five-year warrant expires February 6, 2019.
GrowLife received the $1 million as a convertible note in December 2013, received the $1.3 million commitment but not executed and by January 2014 OGI had Letters of Intent with four investment and acquisition transactions valued at $96 million. Before the deals could close, the SEC put a trading halt on our stock on April 10, 2014, which resulted in the withdrawal of all transactions. The business disruption from the trading halt and the resulting class action and derivative lawsuits ceased further investments with the OGI joint venture. The Convertible Note was converted into our common stock as of the year ended December 31, 2016.
On July 10, 2014, we closed a Waiver and Modification Agreement, Amended and Restated Joint Venture Agreement, Secured Credit Facility and Secured Convertible Note with CANX and Logic Works LLC, a former lender and current shareholder of the Company.
The Amended and Restated Joint Venture Agreement with CANX modified the Joint Venture Agreement dated November 19, 2013 to provide for (i) up to $12,000,000 in conditional financing subject to review by GrowLife and approval by OGI for business growth development opportunities in the legal cannabis industry for up to nine months, subject to extension; (ii) up to $10,000,000 in working capital loans with each loaning requiring approval in advance by CANX; (iii) confirmed that the five year warrants, subject to adjustment, at $0.033 per share for the purchase of 140,000,000 and 100,000,000 were fully earned and were not considered compensation for tax purposes by the Company; (iv) granted CANX five year warrants, subject to adjustment, to purchase 300,000,000 shares of common stock at the fair market price of $0.033 per share as determined by an independent appraisal; (v) warrants as defined in the Agreement related to the achievement of OGI milestones; and (vi) a four year term, subject to adjustment.
Failure to operate in accordance with the Agreements with CANX could result in the cancellation of these agreements, result in foreclosure on our assets in event of default and would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
We may engage in acquisitions, mergers, strategic alliances, joint ventures and divestures that could result in final results that are different than expected.
In the normal course of business, we engage in discussions relating to possible acquisitions, equity investments, mergers, strategic alliances, joint ventures and divestitures. Such transactions are accompanied by a number of risks, including the use of significant amounts of cash, potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, incurrence of debt on potentially unfavorable terms as well as impairment expenses related to goodwill and amortization expenses related to other intangible assets, the possibility that we may pay too much cash or issue too many of our shares as the purchase price for an acquisition relative to the economic benefits that we ultimately derive from such acquisition, and various potential difficulties involved in integrating acquired businesses into our operations.
From time to time, we have also engaged in discussions with candidates regarding the potential acquisitions of our product lines, technologies and businesses. If a divestiture such as this does occur, we cannot be certain that our business, operating results and financial condition will not be materially and adversely affected. A successful divestiture depends on various factors, including our ability to effectively transfer liabilities, contracts, facilities and employees to any purchaser; identify and separate the intellectual property to be divested from the intellectual property that we wish to retain; reduce fixed costs previously associated with the divested assets or business; and collect the proceeds from any divestitures.
If we do not realize the expected benefits of any acquisition or divestiture transaction, our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and stock price could be negatively impacted.
Our proposed business is dependent on laws pertaining to the marijuana industry.
Continued development of the marijuana industry is dependent upon continued legislative authorization of the use and cultivation of marijuana at the state level. Any number of factors could slow or halt progress in this area. Further, progress, while encouraging, is not assured. While there may be ample public support for legislative action, numerous factors impact the legislative process. Any one of these factors could slow or halt use of marijuana, which would negatively impact our proposed business.
Currently, thirty states and the District of Columbia allow its citizens to use medical cannabis. Additionally, eight states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis for adult use. The state laws are in conflict with the federal Controlled Substances Act, which makes marijuana use and possession illegal on a national level. The Obama administration previously effectively stated that it is not an efficient use of resources to direct law federal law enforcement agencies to prosecute those lawfully abiding by state-designated laws allowing the use and distribution of medical marijuana. The Trump administration position is unknown. However, there is no guarantee that the Trump administration will not change current policy regarding the low-priority enforcement of federal laws. Additionally, any new administration that follows could change this policy and decide to enforce the federal laws strongly. Any such change in the federal government’s enforcement of current federal laws could cause significant financial damage to us and its shareholders.
Further, while we do not harvest, distribute or sell marijuana, by supplying products to growers of marijuana, we could be deemed to be participating in marijuana cultivation, which remains illegal under federal law, and exposes us to potential criminal liability, with the additional risk that our business could be subject to civil forfeiture proceedings.
The marijuana industry faces strong opposition.
It is believed by many that large, well-funded businesses may have a strong economic opposition to the marijuana industry. We believe that the pharmaceutical industry clearly does not want to cede control of any product that could generate significant revenue. For example, medical marijuana will likely adversely impact the existing market for the current “marijuana pill” sold by mainstream pharmaceutical companies. Further, the medical marijuana industry could face a material threat from the pharmaceutical industry, should marijuana displace other drugs or encroach upon the pharmaceutical industry’s products. The pharmaceutical industry is well funded with a strong and experienced lobby that eclipses the funding of the medical marijuana movement. Any inroads the pharmaceutical industry could make in halting or impeding the marijuana industry harm our business, prospects, results of operation and financial condition.
Marijuana remains illegal under Federal law.
Marijuana is a Schedule-I controlled substance and is illegal under federal law. Even in those states in which the use of marijuana has been legalized, its use remains a violation of federal law. Since federal law criminalizing the use of marijuana preempts state laws that legalize its use, strict enforcement of federal law regarding marijuana would harm our business, prospects, results of operation and financial condition.
Closing of bank accounts could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
As a result of the regulatory environment, we have experienced the closing of several of our bank accounts since March 2014. We have been able to open other bank accounts. However, we may have other banking accounts closed. These factors impact management and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
Federal regulation and enforcement may adversely affect the implementation of medical marijuana laws and regulations may negatively impact our revenues and profits.
Currently, there are thirty states plus the District of Columbia that have laws and/or regulation that recognize in one form or another legitimate medical uses for cannabis and consumer use of cannabis in connection with medical treatment. Many other states are considering legislation to similar effect. As of the date of this writing, the policy and regulations of the Federal government and its agencies is that cannabis has no medical benefit and a range of activities including cultivation and use of cannabis for personal use is prohibited on the basis of federal law and may or may not be permitted on the basis of state law. Active enforcement of the current federal regulatory position on cannabis on a regional or national basis may directly and adversely affect the willingness of customers of GrowLife to invest in or buy products from GrowLife that may be used in connection with cannabis. Active enforcement of the current federal regulatory position on cannabis may thus indirectly and adversely affect revenues and profits of the GrowLife companies.
Our history of net losses has raised substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern. If we do not continue as a going concern, investors could lose their entire investment.
Our history of net losses has raised substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, and as a result, our independent registered public accounting firm included an explanatory paragraph in its report on our financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 with respect to this uncertainty. Accordingly, our ability to continue as a going concern will require us to seek alternative financing to fund our operations. This going concern opinion could materially limit our ability to raise additional funds through the issuance of new debt or equity securities or otherwise. Future reports on our financial statements may include an explanatory paragraph with respect to our ability to continue as a going concern.
We have a history of operating losses and there can be no assurance that we can again achieve or maintain profitability.
We have experienced net losses since inception. As of June 30, 2018, we had an accumulated deficit of $136.1 million. There can be no assurance that we will achieve or maintain profitability.
We are subject to corporate governance and internal control reporting requirements, and our costs related to compliance with, or our failure to comply with existing and future requirements, could adversely affect our business.
We must comply with corporate governance requirements under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, as well as additional rules and regulations currently in place and that may be subsequently adopted by the SEC and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board. These laws, rules, and regulations continue to evolve and may become increasingly stringent in the future. We are required to include management’s report on internal controls as part of our annual report pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. We strive to continuously evaluate and improve our control structure to help ensure that we comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The financial cost of compliance with these laws, rules, and regulations is expected to remain substantial.
We cannot assure you that we will be able to fully comply with these laws, rules, and regulations that address corporate governance, internal control reporting, and similar matters. Failure to comply with these laws, rules and regulations could materially adversely affect our reputation, financial condition, and the value of our securities.
Our inability or failure to effectively manage our growth could harm our business and materially and adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.
Our strategy envisions growing our business. We plan to expand our product, sales, administrative and marketing organizations. Any growth in or expansion of our business is likely to continue to place a strain on our management and administrative resources, infrastructure and systems. As with other growing businesses, we expect that we will need to further refine and expand our business development capabilities, our systems and processes and our access to financing sources. We also will need to hire, train, supervise and manage new and retain contributing employees. These processes are time consuming and expensive, will increase management responsibilities and will divert management attention. We cannot assure you that we will be able to:
|●||expand our products effectively or efficiently or in a timely manner;|
|●||allocate our human resources optimally;|
|●||meet our capital needs;|
|●||identify and hire qualified employees or retain valued employees; or|
|●||incorporate effectively the components of any business or product line that we may acquire in our effort to achieve growth.|
Our operating results may fluctuate significantly based on customer acceptance of our products. As a result, period-to-period comparisons of our results of operations are unlikely to provide a good indication of our future performance. Management expects that we will experience substantial variations in our net sales and operating results from quarter to quarter due to customer acceptance of our products. If customers don’t accept our products, our sales and revenues will decline, resulting in a reduction in our operating income.
Customer interest for our products could also be impacted by the timing of our introduction of new products. If our competitors introduce new products around the same time that we issue new products, and if such competing products are superior to our own, customers’ desire for our products could decrease, resulting in a decrease in our sales and revenues. To the extent that we introduce new products and customers decide not to migrate to our new products from our older products, our revenues could be negatively impacted due to the loss of revenue from those customers. In the event that our newer products do not sell as well as our older products, we could also experience a reduction in our revenues and operating income.
If we do not successfully generate additional products and services, or if such products and services are developed but not successfully commercialized, we could lose revenue opportunities.
Our future success depends, in part, on our ability to expand our product and service offerings. To that end we have engaged in the process of identifying new product opportunities to provide additional products and related services to our customers. The process of identifying and commercializing new products is complex and uncertain, and if we fail to accurately predict customers’ changing needs and emerging technological trends our business could be harmed. We may have to commit significant resources to commercializing new products before knowing whether our investments will result in products the market will accept. Furthermore, we may not execute successfully on commercializing those products because of errors in product planning or timing, technical hurdles that we fail to overcome in a timely fashion, or a lack of appropriate resources. This could result in competitors providing those solutions before we do and a reduction in net sales and earnings.
The success of new products depends on several factors, including proper new product definition, timely completion and introduction of these products, differentiation of new products from those of our competitors, and market acceptance of these products. There can be no assurance that we will successfully identify new product opportunities, develop and bring new products to market in a timely manner, or achieve market acceptance of our products or that products and technologies developed by others will not render our products or technologies obsolete or noncompetitive.
Our future success depends on our ability to grow and expand our customer base. Our failure to achieve such growth or expansion could materially harm our business.
To date, our revenue growth has been derived primarily from the sale of our products and through the purchase of existing businesses. Our success and the planned growth and expansion of our business depend on us achieving greater and broader acceptance of our products and expanding our customer base. There can be no assurance that customers will purchase our products or that we will continue to expand our customer base. If we are unable to effectively market or expand our product offerings, we will be unable to grow and expand our business or implement our business strategy. This could materially impair our ability to increase sales and revenue and materially and adversely affect our margins, which could harm our business and cause our stock price to decline.
If we incur substantial liability from litigation, complaints, or enforcement actions resulting from misconduct by our distributors, our financial condition could suffer. We will require that our distributors comply with applicable law and with our policies and procedures. Although we will use various means to address misconduct by our distributors, including maintaining these policies and procedures to govern the conduct of our distributors and conducting training seminars, it will still be difficult to detect and correct all instances of misconduct. Violations of applicable law or our policies and procedures by our distributors could lead to litigation, formal or informal complaints, enforcement actions, and inquiries by various federal, state, or foreign regulatory authorities against us and/or our distributors. and could consume considerable amounts of financial and other corporate resources, which could have a negative impact on our sales, revenue, profitability and growth prospects. As we are currently in the process of implementing our direct sales distributor program, we have not been, and are not currently, subject to any material litigation, complaint or enforcement action regarding distributor misconduct by any federal, state or foreign regulatory authority.
Our future manufacturers could fail to fulfill our orders for products, which would disrupt our business, increase our costs, harm our reputation and potentially cause us to lose our market.
We may depend on contract manufacturers in the future to produce our products. These manufacturers could fail to produce products to our specifications or in a workmanlike manner and may not deliver the units on a timely basis. Our manufacturers may also have to obtain inventories of the necessary parts and tools for production. Any change in manufacturers to resolve production issues could disrupt our ability to fulfill orders. Any change in manufacturers to resolve production issues could also disrupt our business due to delays in finding new manufacturers, providing specifications and testing initial production. Such disruptions in our business and/or delays in fulfilling orders would harm our reputation and would potentially cause us to lose our market.
Our inability to effectively protect our intellectual property would adversely affect our ability to compete effectively, our revenue, our financial condition and our results of operations.
We may be unable to obtain intellectual property rights to effectively protect our business. Our ability to compete effectively may be affected by the nature and breadth of our intellectual property rights. While we intend to defend against any threats to our intellectual property rights, there can be no assurance that any such actions will adequately protect our interests. If we are unable to secure intellectual property rights to effectively protect our technology, our revenue and earnings, financial condition, and/or results of operations would be adversely affected.
We may also rely on nondisclosure and non-competition agreements to protect portions of our technology. There can be no assurance that these agreements will not be breached, that we will have adequate remedies for any breach, that third parties will not otherwise gain access to our trade secrets or proprietary knowledge, or that third parties will not independently develop the technology.
We do not warrant any opinion as to non-infringement of any patent, trademark, or copyright by us or any of our affiliates, providers, or distributors. Nor do we warrant any opinion as to invalidity of any third-party patent or unpatentability of any third-party pending patent application.
Our industry is highly competitive and we have less capital and resources than many of our competitors, which may give them an advantage in developing and marketing products similar to ours or make our products obsolete.
We are involved in a highly competitive industry where we may compete with numerous other companies who offer alternative methods or approaches, may have far greater resources, more experience, and personnel perhaps more qualified than we do. Such resources may give our competitors an advantage in developing and marketing products similar to ours or products that make our products obsolete. There can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully compete against these other entities.
We are dependent on key personnel
Our success depends to a significant degree upon the continued contributions of key management and other personnel, some of whom could be difficult to replace. We do not maintain key man life insurance covering our officers. Our success will depend on the performance of our officers and key management and other personnel, our ability to retain and motivate our officers, our ability to integrate new officers and key management and other personnel into our operations, and the ability of all personnel to work together effectively as a team. Our failure to retain and recruit officers and other key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We have limited insurance.
We have limited directors’ and officers’ liability insurance and limited commercial liability insurance policies. Any significant claims would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.